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Direct electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 into chemical energy carriers in a
co-ionic membrane reactor

Our Partners


The Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) is the largest public multidisciplinary research organisation in Spain. CSIC has 123 institutes or centres and collaborates with national and international universities, public RTD organizations, SMEs, companies and other institutions of a scientific/technological nature. It has a staff of more than 10,900 employees, among these about 3,500 are permanent researchers and more than 4,000 are pre- and post-doctoral researchers. As to the number of projects, CSIC is listed the 4th organisation in Europe within the research organizations, with a total FP7 contribution of over 264 million euros. In H2020 (2014-2018) CSIC has obtained as of today 387 projects with a total EU financial contribution of 164 million euros, which makes CSIC to be listed the 3rd participant within the European research organizations by number of projects.
The Instituto de Tecnología Química (CSIC-ITQ) is a joint research centre founded in 1990 by the CSIC and the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV). The CSIC-ITQ is a worldwide recognised institute that integrates catalysis and materials science through a multidisciplinary approach. CSIC-ITQ has a multidisciplinary research group with large experience in development and characterisation of electro-catalytic materials and ionic membranes, as well as in the design, optimisation and own fabrication of fully-automated laboratory reactor prototypes, proved by the number of published publications, patents and the ongoing projects.

Role in project:
Project coordination
Catalytic process: catalyst design, characterisation and testing
Integrated reaction tests of the single cell reactors and the multi-tubular pilot module
Process simulations and units (single cells and reactor system) design


University of Oslo (UiO) is Norway’s oldest (since 1811) and largest (>30 000 students and > 6000 employees) public institution of higher education and research, ranked frequently among the World’s 100 best. UiO has participated in the EU's framework programmes for research and development since 1991, with 149 contributions in PF7 (2007-2013) and so far 85 projects in Horizon 2020 (2014-2018). It is today the Norwegian university with the largest EU portfolio.

Role in project:
• Development of the cell reactor components
- Development of the co-ionic electrolyte
- Development of the electrodes
• Integrated reaction tests
- Electrochemical validation tests
- Reaction validation tests 


CoorsTek Membrane Sciences AS (CMS) is a technology development company focused on ion-conducting ceramic membranes that is affiliated with CoorsTek, a leading global manufacturer of technical ceramics. CoorsTek makes the world measurably better as the partner of choice for technology and manufacturing companies worldwide whose success requires the unique, high-performance properties of products manufactured from engineered ceramics and advanced materials. 

Role in project:
• Fabrication of tubular half cells based on existing protonic ceramic technology, to be used for cell component development.
• Deliver key enabling components and assemble complete cells
• Assessment of manufacturing scale-up requirements
• Exploitation and business plan


SINTEF is an independent, broad, multidisciplinary research organisation with international top-level expertise in the fields of technology, the natural sciences, medicine and the social sciences. SINTEF conducts contract R&D as a partner for the private and public sectors and is one of the largest contract research institutions in Europe. SINTEF main offices are located at Trondheim and Oslo in Norway. SINTEF staff is about 2000 from 75 nationalities and is certified in accordance with ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015 and OHSAS 18001:2007 standards.

Role in project:

• Manufacturing, characterisation and evaluation of efficient electrodes on the tubular cells using robust and scalable processes, in collaboration with partner CMS
• Non-destructive characterisation of complete cells using both ex-situ and in-situ techniques to guide materials and design optimization


The Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) founded in 1971, is a dynamic, innovative and entrepreneurial public institution, devoted to training, research and technology transfer. This impulse has a visible result in international rankings. In 2017, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) rated the UPVLC as the best technical university in Spain, being the only technical Spanish university amongst the top 400 universities in the world. Recently, the "Times Higher Education 100 Under 50" ranking placed UPV within the world’s top 100 universities under 50 years old.
UPV has effective mechanisms for the dissemination of scientific and technological results, and excels in the training of researchers, in the creation of technology-based companies and in patent generation. Nowadays UPV is the first Spanish university in number of patents and leader in scientific global productivity.

Role in project:
Within eCOCO2 project, the main role of UPV is the electromagnetic characterization of materials at microwave frequencies, the design of the microwave systems to perform the required processing applications, and the manufacturing of laboratory-scale microwave prototypes to evaluate the different designs and optimize the processing parameters in each case. As a result, the specialized design of several applicators to perform microwave-assisted materials processing is expected, optimizing the main features of the applicators such as minimum power, electromagnetic field distribution, radiation characteristics, etc. for each material.
In addition, UPV will be the leader of WP8, coordinating the different tasks within the consortium to provide the appropriate dissemination of the relevant results achieved in the project. 


Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH Aachen University) was established in 1870 and with its 45,377 students enrolled in 157 degree programs is the largest technical university in Germany. More than 7000 students and more than 900 doctoral students graduate annually from RWTH Aachen University. The high number of foreign students (9,651 students from 131 countries), as well as the great network (of formalized international collaborations) with over 100 universities worldwide, highlight the university’s strong international reputation. The university counts more than 540 professors as well as more than 5,370 academic and more than 2,700 non‐academic staff members. The university’s annual budget amounts to 900M€ of which 325M€ are covered through external funding. RWTH Aachen University is composed of 260 institutes spread over nine faculties. The university offers 18 graduate programs among which eight are so called Research Training Groups funded by the German Research Foundation. RWTH Aachen is one of 11 German Universities of Excellence and additionally receives funding for one graduate school and two clusters of excellence through the Excellence Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the German Research Foundation (DFG). The university has always had strong ties with industry, creating one of Germany’s hubs for university spin-off companies and engineering firms. The fact that RWTH Aachen University closely collaborates with 15 affiliated institutes with strong industrial alignment and that 5 Fraunhofer institutes illustrates the university’s considerable research portfolio and potential.

Role in project:
Empirical assessment and modelling of societal perceptions and acceptance
Segmentation of acceptance- and adoption profiles
Derivation of guidelines for public communication and information strategies



The HERA Group currently manages more than one million and a half tonnes of waste a year, according to the latest environmental standards. In addition, The HERA Group is actively involved in R & D projects, in a strong commitment to innovation and the development of own technologies. For more than 20 years, the HERA Group offers comprehensive and efficient environmental solutions to Government, industry and private sector. The HERA Group considers waste as resource with great recyclable and reusable potential, that allow us to obtain new materials, energy, space, regenerated raw materials and biofuels. Our objective can no longer be simply avoid the impact on the environment, but efficiently close the cycle of resources, developing technologies and management systems which are pointing to the reuse, recycling and continued valorization. The beginnings of the company date back to the 1980s, when HERA Tratesa took over the Valles Occidental landfill management. In the year 2016 HERA became part of the Griñó Group ( a business group leader in the environmental services and green energy generation with over 80 years of experience. 

Role in project:
HERA will be the leader of WP6 focusing on process engineering analyses
Identification of the different integration schemes in the waste treatment sector and provide the needed information to define these scenarios
Plant definition and equipment specification
Techno-economic evaluation of the integrated processes 


The CEMEX Research Group AG (CRG) in Brügg by Biel, Switzerland, is a subsidiary of CEMEX S.A.B. de C.V., Monterrey, Mexico. CRG hosts and manages all R&D activities and all Intellectual Property matters of all CEMEX entities. It is responsible for the development and innovation of technologies and products in the context of the CEMEX Group in all areas of product development, process technology, processes, IT and sustainability in energy and emissions. Founded in 1906, CEMEX has a long experience in cement fabrication and is today one of the world’s largest traders of cement and clinker. CEMEX manufactures cement in more than 50 countries across four continents and has annual sales of more than US$15 billion.

Role in project:
• CEMEX will be the leader of activities in WP related to prototype testing and will have a strong interaction (with face-to-face meetings) with CSIC in the final testing campaign
• Identification of the different integration schemes in clinker production plant and provide the needed information to define these scenarios
• Support in plant definition and equipment specification 


ArcelorMittal Belgium comprises of 5 different sites with 15.000 employees in total. Today, its Belgium facilities encompass Flat Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel and Distribution Solutions operations, as well as state-of-the-art research centers, in Gent and Liège. The shipments of its 5 facilities located in Gent, Genk, Geel, Liège, Châtelet and Industeel – Charleroi are in total more than 12 million tons per year.
The team members of the ArcelorMittal innovation team are based at the site in Gent, responsible for coordinating the project. The team consists of engineers that are experienced in managing innovative, and specifically CO2 related projects. ArcelorMittal Belgium has its own engineering team (+100 FTEs) acting as supplier of industrial gas information, supplier of industrial gas samples, engineering support for pilot concept and performing technico-economical analysis, life cycle assessment (LCA) according to RED, FQD and project management. ArcelorMittal expectations and added value include reduction of the carbon foot print of steel making by re-use of second hand carbon, value creation - job creation from C-re-use and EU leading role.

Role in project:
Provide industrial data from its production site in Gent, Belgium
Identification of the different integration schemes in the steel industry 


Shell is a global group of energy and petrochemical companies employing around 90,000 people in more than 80 countries and territories. We help meet the world’s demand for energy in economically, environmentally and socially responsible ways. Our innovative approach ensures we are ready to help tackle the challenges of the new energy future.
Shell Projects and Technology (P&T) is a wholly owned member of the Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) group. The organisation was formed to carry out research and provide technical services to Shell companies in the whole value chain of RDS. This ranges from oil and gas exploration and production, downstream processing in refineries and chemical plants as well as Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) and Gas To Liquids (GTL)  

Role in project:
Techno-economic evaluation of the developed concept
Products quality assessment
Contribution to exploitation strategy and IPR management
Communication and training of young scientists and technologists 


International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I2CNER) of Kyushu University was launched in FY 2010 as one of the "World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI Program)" which was established by Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) in FY2007 as a system for providing large-scale support for projects aimed at creating preeminent research centers staffed by a core of the world's most prominent researchers.
The mission of I2CNER is to contribute to the creation of a sustainable and environmentally-friendly society by conducting fundamental research for the advancement of low carbon emission and cost-effective energy systems, and improvement of energy efficiency. The array of technologies that I2CNER’s research aims to enable includes Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Polymer Membrane based fuel cells, biomimetic and other novel catalyst concepts, and production, storage, and utilization of hydrogen as a fuel. Our research also explores the underlying science of CO2 capture and storage technology or the conversion of CO2 to a useful product. 

Role in project:
Synthesis and electrochemical characterisation of electrolyte materials
Synthesis and electrical characterization of mixed-conducting electrode materials 


The Xiamen University (XMU)  has long been listed among China’s leading universities on the national "211 Project" and "985 Project" which ensure privileged support for its sustainable and strategic development. With a graduate school, 6 academic divisions consisting of 27 schools and colleges with 76 departments, and 14 research institutes, XMU boasts a total enrollment of nearly 40,000 full-time students (including 1,700 international students), i.e. 20,000 undergraduates, 17,000 graduate students toward a master’s degree, 3,000 doctoral candidates. XMU currently has a faculty of over 2,500 full-time teachers and researchers, of whom 22 are the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences or of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
XMU has forged partnerships with more than 300 universities in such countries as the UK, the US, Japan, France, Russia, etc., as well as China’s special administrative regions like Hong Kong and Macao and the Province of Taiwan; it has established 16 Confucius Institutes in collaboration with local universities in 13 countries. 

Role in project:
Project cooperation
Catalytic process: catalyst design, preparation, characterization and testing
Reaction mechanism studies


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This project has received European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation funding under grant agreement Nº 838077.

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